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Information about Mina Loy

Mina Loy (1882-1966)

Mina Loy in Florenz, 1909 (Foto von Stephen Haweis, courtesy of Roger L. Conover)

Beautiful and intelligent cosmopolitan, polyglot author scandalous erotic verses, biting satires and elegies destructive, progressive inventor creative painting fantasies and artistic designs, all embodied Mina Loy. As one of the protagonists of the European-American modernism Mina Loy much on intellectual and cultural exchange all major avant-garde movements of the early twentieth century was involved. Within a decade (about 1915-1925), she gained a reputation as an emancipated woman, more so an almost legendary figure, "Who, if not, is the modern woman," proclaimed the New York Evening Sun in 1917 and rose the writer and artist to the rank of a female prototype of the modern age.

Of the art training in Victorian London, where Mina Loy was born in 1882, towards the artistic circles of Munich at the end of the 19th Century, from the Parisian studio of the bohemians in Montparnasse in the futuristic Florence, and finally of the New York avant-garde of the 1910s back to the Paris of the Lost Generation - based on their life and work stations can be an almost complete picture of all artistic and literary significant international movements of the first half of the twentieth century stand. Your name appears in the written testimonies intellectual protagonists of that time, who loved and appreciated Mina Loy, from William Carlos Williams about Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein and TS Eliot. She took her portraits by Man Ray and Marcel Duchamp, with whom she had a more than forty-year friendship admired her compositions. Joyce, Freud, Brancusi, Jules Pascin and also Marinetti and Papini were their model. The two Italians, with whom she stood during their Florence stay in contact, they should ultimately inspire humorous caricature Verssatiren. Between 1907 and 1916, Mina Loy lived in Florence and started here at futurist influence post her first poems. So they transferred the picturesque theories Umberto Boccioni in verses while their linguistic experiments definitely have bonds of elements and principles of the Italian avant-garde literature. In Florence, they also started on her rhyme book Lunar Baedeker, which should be the only one in her literary oeuvre to work. The 1923 edition, published in France is the only of the author herself, edited edition. This was followed by three more runs of text versions and with additions, which rather the bandwidth of Mina Loy's literary production to illustrate the forties. In that time dating her last poems, as Loys literary activity should focus from then on throughout the writing of (hitherto largely unpublished) autobiographical novels allegorical character.
Her poetry can be regarded as an intimate journey into the inner worlds of imagination and the unconscious, an expedition entirely under the sign of the feminine of celestial bodies, the Moon (Italian: la luna), an image which dominated their verses from the start, as well as the title of her first book is (Lunar Baedeker). In parallel, Mina Loy drew an unusually passionate portrait of the modern artist in her own unique elliptical-picturesque and onomatopoeic language that represents their personal legacy and contribution to the literature of the avant-garde of the twentieth century. The new English-language poetry, she wrote herself in an essay, have evolved beyond the ocean and not in the country of origin, because only in the streets of Manhattan, and not London, oscillates each "voice in the triad of race, nationality and personality" . That English in order to preserve it, the professors of Oxford so tried, solve entirely on the American melting pot, only to be recombined reborn "as unclassifiable speech" in modern literature, lively and sparkling like jazz in the rhythm of contemporary lifestyle. Pound or Williams for they embodied the modern poet par excellence, who was able to create poetic tone in the form of a "map of temperament" and then the emotion and "movement of a personality at the moment inner and outer expression" map.
The short poem Songs to Joannes, which in 1917 due to its bold theme - is the allegorical description of a sexual relationship - caused a scandal in New York, is considered without doubt Mina Loy's masterpiece and must be one of the key works of modernist poetry.

Cited Literature:

Francini , Antonella: Antologia della poesia americana (Biblioteca di Repubblica, Poesia straniera, 15), Rome 2004.


Kenneth W. Fields, The rhetoric of artefice: Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, Wallace Stevens, Walter Conrad Arensberg, Donald Evans, Mina Loy and Yvor Winters, Ann Arbor 1968.

Virginia Kouidis: Mina Loy, American Modernist Poet, Baton Rouge 1980.

Roger L. Conover (Hg.), The Last Lunar Baedeker, Highlands 1982.

Elizabeth Arnold, Mina Loy and the Futurists, in: « Sagetrieb », VIII, 1-2, Spring/Fall 1989, S. 83-117.

Elizabeth Arnold, Mina Loy and the Avant-Garde, Chicago 1990.

Elizabeth Arnold (Hg.), Insel / Mina Loy, Santa Rosa 1991.

Angela Krewani, Moderne und Weiblichkeit: amerikanische Schriftstellerinnen in Paris, Heidelberg 1993.

Helen Jaskosi, Mina Loy: Outsider Artist, in: « Journal of modern literature », XVIII, 4, 1995, S. 350-368.

Carlo Anceschi (Hg.), Poeti nel deserto: Basil Bunting e Mina Loy, Reggio Emilia 1994.

Linda A. Kinnahan, Poetics of the feminine: authority and literary tradition in William Carlos Williams, Mina Loy, Denise Levertov and Kathleen Fraser, Cambridge 1994.

Carolyn Burke, Becoming Modern: The Life of Mina Loy, New York 1996.

Roger L. Conover (Hg.), The Lost Lunar Baedeker: poems of Mina Loy, New York 1996.

Julie Schmid, Mina Loy's Futurist Theatre, in: « Performing Arts Journal », XVIII, 1, January 1996, S. 1-7, 8-17.

Maeera Shreiber & Keith Tuma (Hg.), Mina Loy: Woman and Poet, Orono/London 1998.

Marjorie Perloff, Poetry On & Off the Page: Essays for Emergent Occasions, Evanston 1998.

Jane Dowson, Women, modernism and British poetry 1910-1939: resisting femininity, Aldershot 2002.

Antonella Francini, Mina Loy: poesie della luna, in: « Poesia », XV, 161, maggio 2002, S. 2-18.

Antonella Francini (Hg.), Mina Loy. Per guida la luna: poesie e elegie d’amore, Florenz 2003.

Cristianne Miller, Cultures of Modernism: Marianne Moore, Mina Loy & Else Lasker-Schüler: Gender and Literary Community in New York and Berlin , Ann Arbor 2005.

Elisabeth Ann Frost, The Feminist Avant-Garde in American Poetry, Iowa City 2005.

Antonella Francini , Mina Loy’s ‘Islands in the Air’: Chapter I, in: « Italian Poetry Review », I, 2006, S. 221-235.

Rachel Potter, Modernism and Democracy: Literary Culture 1900-1930, Oxford 2006.

“Mina Loy’s Prose Drafts: The Unfinished Script of a Modernist”, in: Ambassadors: American Studies in A Changing World, hrsg. v. Massimo Bacigalupo & Gregroy Dowling, Rapallo 2006.

Alex Goody, Modernist Articulations: A Cultural Study of Djuna Barnes, Mina Loy and Gertrude Stein, New York 2007.

Patricia Rae, Modernism and Mourning, Lewisburg 2007.

Tim Freeborn, The Satirical Vision of Mina Loy, Ottawa 2008.

Matthew Hart, Nations of Nothing but Poetry: Modernism, Transnationalism, and Synthetic Vernacular Writing, New York 2010.

The following matches were found (8)

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Genre: Painting

1. Title: The Beach
Persons: Mina Loy (Author)
Genres: Painting
2. Title: Fashions
Persons: Mina Loy (Author)
Genres: Painting

Genre: Manifesto

1. Title: Aphorisms on Futurism
Persons: Mina Loy (Author)
Genres: Manifesto, Poem
2. Title: Feminist Manifesto
Persons: Mina Loy (Author)
Genres: Manifesto
Topics: Women

Genre: Poem

Genre: Letter

1. Title: Letter from Mina Loy to Mable Dodge
Persons: Mina Loy (Author), Mabel Dodge
Genres: Letter, Handwritten
Topics: Women

Genre: Handwritten

1. Title: Letter from Mina Loy to Mable Dodge
Persons: Mina Loy (Author), Mabel Dodge
Genres: Letter, Handwritten
Topics: Women

Genre: Video

Topic: Women

1. Title: Feminist Manifesto
Persons: Mina Loy (Author)
Genres: Manifesto
Topics: Women
3. Title: Letter from Mina Loy to Mable Dodge
Persons: Mina Loy (Author), Mabel Dodge
Genres: Letter, Handwritten
Topics: Women

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